The Free State of Bavaria is in a predestined position to become a pioneer for decarbonisation and the transformation of economy and society towards sustainability by 2030. However, this transformation can only be achieved through targeted investments and measures that create synergies between transformative developments. The current study by DIW Econ and the Forum Ökologisch-Soziale Marktwirtschaft (FÖS), commissioned by BUND Naturschutz and Greenpeace Deutschland, identifies measures in selected sectors – energy, mobility, tourism, agriculture and forestry, and nature conservation – in which systematic public investment over the next decade can accelerate structural change toward a sustainable and future-proof Bavaria, thereby strengthening employment, innovation, climate and nature protection, and sustainable development.
The study results show that there are enormous opportunities for employment and sustainable prosperity associated with investments and the transformation toward greater sustainability. In order to take advantage of these opportunities, the relevant framework conditions must also be changed, and investments must be accompanied by flanking instruments.
If the package of measures presented is implemented in full, public and private investment and private consumption totalling around 88 billion euros will be mobilised over the ten-year period. This will contribute more than 103 billion euros to Bavaria’s gross domestic product and create an additional 340,000 jobs. The measures could save up to 35 million tons of CO2 in 2030.