Carbon-neutral and socially just Bavaria – Proposed measures for a social climate transformation in Bavaria

The current study by DIW Econ, in cooperation with Prof. Dr. Claudia Kemfert, DIW Berlin, commissioned by the Bavarian SPD state parliamentary group, examines how the Free State of Bavaria can achieve a just transition into a emission neutral future. For this purpose, the study discusses specific social-ecological measures for the upcoming political reorientation in the sectors of energy, transport, buildings and industry.

Advancement by entering the labour market

The Hartz reforms of 2003 to 2005 are among the most far-reaching labour market reforms in recent German history. On the one hand, critics criticise the negative consequences of a large low-wage sector by European standards, in particular the fact that many workers remain in low-paid employment. On the other hand, supporters of the Hartz reforms see this as confirmation of successful activation policies.

Under the direction of DIW Econ Senior Research Associate Prof Dr Timm Bönke, DIW Econ is examining the impact of the activation policy aspects of the Hartz reforms on behalf of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Labour Market and Social Security Panel (PASS), they conducted extensive analyses of thousands of unemployment biographies of people who have managed to enter the labour market since the 2005 labour market reforms.

The low-wage sector in Germany – Trap or springboard for employees?

Around the turn of the millennium, the number of unemployed people in Germany increased significantly. As a result, the then Federal Government favoured the emergence of a relatively large low-wage sector through various labour market reforms.

Under the direction of Dr Markus M. Grabka, DIW Econ conducted a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the low-wage sector and the associated mobility dynamics based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).

Normal work will not decrease, but inactivity

The future of work – in the dialogue process Work 4.0, the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (BMAS) is on the trail of this topic.

DIW Econ, together with Prof. Dr. Gert G. Wagner from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), DIW Econ has written an article for the current BMAS workbook.

Normal working conditions are still the norm

DIW Weekly Report 19 / 2016, S. 419-427

Since the 1980s, the number of people of working age who are not in paid employment has fallen significantly in (West) Germany. Correspondingly, the proportion of those without a job has fallen among 18 to 67 year-olds. This increase in employment was mainly in favour of marginal employment or working as a solo self-employed person rather than in normal employment.