The current study by DIW Econ, in cooperation with Prof. Dr. Claudia Kemfert, DIW Berlin, commissioned by the Bavarian SPD state parliamentary group, examines how the Free State of Bavaria can achieve a just transition into a emission neutral future. For this purpose, the study discusses specific social-ecological measures for the upcoming political reorientation in the sectors of energy, transport, buildings and industry.
In the current issue of DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt 168, DIW Econ and Prof Dr Claudia Kemfert, Dr Claus Michelsen as well as Dr Marius Clemens of the DIW Berlin analyse the macroeconomic impacts and climate protection effects of the German Reconstruction and Resilience Plan (DARP) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Finance (BMF). The goals of the DARP are to stabilise the economy and promote economic transformation.
Due to the planned partial financing from the European Reconstruction and Resilience Facility (ARF), the impact analysis of the DARP not only quantifies the economic and financial policy effects but also evaluates the effects of the DARP measures with regard to the requirements of the European Commission, which were defined in a predefined catalogue of criteria.
Successful business transfers ensure continuity of production and business relations, preserve employment, and uphold the value of assets. Since 99% of businesses in the EU are SMEs, it is evident that an overwhelming majority of business transfers occur within this group of companies. Business transfers are therefore a natural part of SME policy. Informed policymaking requires a solid evidence base.
However, data on business transfers are generally fragmented, often outdated, and not comparable across the EU Member States. Therefore, this study by DIW Econ on behalf of the Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises of the European Commission seeks to improve the evidence base on business transfers in the EU Member States.
The Hartz reforms of 2003 to 2005 are among the most far-reaching labour market reforms in recent German history. On the one hand, critics criticise the negative consequences of a large low-wage sector by European standards, in particular the fact that many workers remain in low-paid employment. On the other hand, supporters of the Hartz reforms see this as confirmation of successful activation policies.
Under the direction of DIW Econ Senior Research Associate Prof Dr Timm Bönke, DIW Econ is examining the impact of the activation policy aspects of the Hartz reforms on behalf of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Labour Market and Social Security Panel (PASS), they conducted extensive analyses of thousands of unemployment biographies of people who have managed to enter the labour market since the 2005 labour market reforms.
Around the turn of the millennium, the number of unemployed people in Germany increased significantly. As a result, the then Federal Government favoured the emergence of a relatively large low-wage sector through various labour market reforms.
Under the direction of Dr Markus M. Grabka, DIW Econ conducted a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the low-wage sector and the associated mobility dynamics based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).