The Hartz reforms of 2003 to 2005 are among the most far-reaching labour market reforms in recent German history. On the one hand, critics criticise the negative consequences of a large low-wage sector by European standards, in particular the fact that many workers remain in low-paid employment. On the other hand, supporters of the Hartz reforms see this as confirmation of successful activation policies.
Under the direction of DIW Econ Senior Research Associate Prof Dr Timm Bönke, DIW Econ is examining the impact of the activation policy aspects of the Hartz reforms on behalf of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and the Labour Market and Social Security Panel (PASS), they conducted extensive analyses of thousands of unemployment biographies of people who have managed to enter the labour market since the 2005 labour market reforms.
Around the turn of the millennium, the number of unemployed people in Germany increased significantly. As a result, the then Federal Government favoured the emergence of a relatively large low-wage sector through various labour market reforms.
Under the direction of Dr Markus M. Grabka, DIW Econ conducted a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the low-wage sector and the associated mobility dynamics based on data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
On behalf of Greenpeace, DIW Econ GmbH, together with the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) and the Forum Ökologisch-Soziale Marktwirtschaft (FÖS), has for the first time calculated the employment and climate protection effects of selected green economic stimulus packages. For this purpose, nine packages of measures for a climate-oriented economic stimulus package in the energy, transport, buildings, industry and land-use sectors were compiled from a total of 285 collected proposals for economic stimulus measures: The nine-point plan. The packages of measures contained in this plan allow both short-term employment effects and a medium and long-term resilient, climate-friendly economy.ise.
On behalf of Haus & Grund, DIW Econ GmbH has investigated the possible effects of new rental regulations on the rental housing market in Germany. To this end, party positions on proposed housing market regulations were converted into a regulation index and then, using a regression model, the impact of the new regulations on the proportion of tenant households in Germany was estimated.
DIW Econ was commissioned by the Schleswig-Holstein Regional Association of the German Wind Energy Association to investigate the economic significance of onshore wind energy in Schleswig-Holstein.
This study analyses, on the one hand, the investments in new wind energy plants and on the other hand, the revenues and costs arising from the operation and maintenance of existing wind energy plants. It will thus determine the effects of the wind energy sector on regional value-added, employment and tax revenues in Schleswig-Holstein. The overall effect of the three indicators can be divided into direct, indirect and induced effects.